Acid reflux is a medical ailment that occurs due to the abnormal back flow of gastric juices in the esophagus. The situation generally arises when the valve separating the stomach contents from the food pipe do not function in the ideal manner. It is a common condition and can be found in both adults and children. The gastric reflux disease generally affects the normal daily activities and also causes lot of discomfort to the sufferer. It is thereby essential for every individual to understand what is acid reflux symptoms and seek the assistance of a specialist to overcome the problem. The symptoms tend to vary from mild to critical problems based on the health conditions of an individual. Some of them include:
Heartburn is one of the common symptoms that sufferers experience to a great extent. The burning sensation occurs when the gastric acid comes in contact with the unprotected cell-wall of the muscular food tube that directly connects both the mouth and stomach. It causes warm and painful sensation that keeps travelling from the stomach to the throat, chest and neck. The severity of heartburn is experienced more during the night and could result in heart failures. Similarly, nausea is another indication of acid reflux condition. The acidic fluid present in the stomach forces the contents upward and creates the urge to vomit or throw up on a frequent basis. This uneasy feeling can be immediately felt after consuming any kind of meal.
Dysphagia is the other vital sign that individuals will need to look out to get a better idea on what is acid reflux symptoms. It arises when there is pain and extreme difficulty in proper swallowing of foods or liquids. This situation however needs the right treatment as it could cause hazardous effects like cancer, facial edema, in ability to consume food, depression etc. Likewise dyspepsia or indigestion due to overeating is also considered a major indicator of esophageal reflux. It gives an uncomfortable feeling around the shoulder and chest area.
Additionally, persistent respiratory problems and sore throat constitutes the key symptoms of this disease. The undigested food when aspirated or inhaled into the lungs cause constant cough, wheezing, sinusitis, laryngitis and at times pneumonia too. On the other hand, people also experience frequent hiccups when the windpipe is closed following the narrowing down of the stomach diaphragm. The hiccups tend to become uncontrollable in the long run and also lead to embarrassing situations. Further dental erosions like tooth loss, discoloration, sensitivity to hot and cold products, enamel defects etc. can be witnessed in individuals experiencing acid reflux disorder.
Besides adults, the illness can also be observed in infants and kids. Although difficult to detect, a few abnormal conditions include repeated vomiting, inconsolable crying, bad breath, belching, breathing problems, irregular burping, low weight, constant refusal of food etc. It is thus vital for every individual to gain a better idea on the related symptoms. This not only prevents from facing the harmful effects of the disorder but will also aid to take adequate treatment at the initial stages.